HTML Elements

HTML elements are the fundamental units that structure and define the content on a web page. They are the tags that enclose various parts of a webpage, telling the browser how to display and interpret the content. Each HTML element serves a unique purpose, and by combining them creatively, web developers can shape the appearance and functionality of a website.

In the below PDF we discuss about HTML Elements in detail in simple language, Hope this will help in better understanding.

HTM programming

Anatomy of an HTML Element:

An HTML element consists of several key components:

1.  Opening Tag:
This is the first part of the element and defines the start of the element. It is enclosed in angle brackets, e.g., <element>.

2. Content:
This is the actual content that the element encapsulates. It could be text, images, or other HTML elements.

3. Closing Tag:
The closing tag marks the end of the element and is identical to the opening tag but with a forward slash, e.g., </element>.

4. Attributes:
Attributes provide additional information about an element, such as its behavior or appearance. They are placed within the opening tag and follow the tag name. For instance, <a href=””>.

5. Nesting:
HTML elements can be nested within each other, creating a hierarchical structure. This nesting is what enables the creation of complex web page layouts.

Common HTML Elements:

HTML provides a wide range of elements, each serving a unique purpose. Here are some of the most commonly used ones:

  • <div>:
    The ‘division’ element is a versatile container for grouping and styling content on a webpage.
  • <p>:
    The ‘paragraph’ element is used for text content, creating paragraphs.
  • <a>:
    The ‘anchor’ element is used for creating hyperlinks to other web pages.
  • <img>:
    The ‘image’ element is used to embed images on a webpage.
  • <ul>, <ol>, <li>:
    These elements are used to create lists, both unordered (bulleted) and ordered (numbered).
  • <h1> to <h6>:
    The ‘heading’ elements are used for defining headings of different levels, with <h1> being the highest level and <h6> the lowest.
  • <input>:
    The ‘input’ element is used to create various input fields, like text boxes, radio buttons, and checkboxes.
  • <form>:
    The ‘form’ element is used to create data entry forms that can be submitted to a server for processing.

Related Question

An HTML element is a fundamental building block of a web page, representing a specific part or component of the page’s content, structure, or functionality.

An HTML element consists of an opening tag, content, and a closing tag.

The <img> element is used to embed images in a web page. It uses the src attribute to specify the image file’s location.

You can create an ordered list using the <ol> element and list items with the <li> element