HTML attributes are additional information provided within the opening tag of an HTML element. These attributes serve as key-value pairs, offering more details about the element, modifying its behavior, or providing supplementary information. Attributes are vital for structuring and styling your web content, as they help web browsers understand how to display and interact with your elements.
In the below PDF we discuss about HTML Attributes in detail in simple language, Hope this will help in better understanding.
Basic Structure of HTML Attributes:
HTML attributes consist of two parts:
1. Attribute Name: This is the name of the attribute, which specifies what type of information it contains. For example, “href” is the attribute name in the anchor element (<a href=”https://topperworld.in”>Example</a>).
2. Attribute Value: This is the value associated with the attribute name. The value provides specific information or instructions, depending on the attribute’s purpose. In the example above, “https://www.topperworld.in” is the attribute value for the “href” attribute.
To use HTML attributes, you simply need to add them within the opening tag of an HTML element. Here’s a basic example using the “href” attribute in an anchor tag:
<a href="https://www.example.com">Visit Example</a>
In this case, the “href” attribute provides the URL where the link should redirect the user.
Common HTML Attributes:
HTML attributes come in various types, each serving a unique purpose. Here are some common HTML attributes:
- href: Used in anchor <a> tags to specify the URL the link points to.
- src: Used in media elements like <img> and <audio> to define the source (e.g., image or audio file).
- alt: Found in the <img> tag, this attribute provides alternative text for images, which is displayed when the image cannot be loaded.
- title: Provides additional information when the user hovers over an element (e.g., tooltips).
- width and height: Specify the dimensions of images and embedded objects.
- target: Used in anchor <a> tags to define where the linked content should open (e.g., in a new tab or the same tab).
HTML attributes provide additional information about an element and are used to modify its behavior or appearance.
HTML attributes are defined within the opening tag of an HTML element and consist of a name and a value, separated by an equals sign, like this: attributeName=”value”.
The “src” attribute is commonly used in elements like <img>, <script>, and <iframe> to specify the source (URL or file path) of external resources, such as images, scripts, or web page content.
The “alt” attribute is used to provide alternative text for images. This text is displayed if the image cannot be loaded or for accessibility purposes.