HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) charsets, short for character sets, are character encoding standards that define how a set of characters should be represented in a digital format. Essentially, they dictate how text is encoded and decoded on web pages. By using specific character sets, you can ensure that your web content displays accurately and consistently across different devices and browsers.
In the below PDF we discuss about HTML Charsets in detail in simple language, Hope this will help in better understanding.
Implementing HTML Charsets:
Including the correct charset in your HTML documents is relatively simple. You need to add a meta tag within the head section of your HTML document. Here’s an example:
This meta tag tells the browser to use the UTF-8 charset for encoding and rendering the page. You can replace “UTF-8” with the appropriate charset for your content
Common HTML Charsets:
HTML offers several character encoding standards, with the most commonly used ones being:
The most versatile and widely supported character encoding, UTF-8 is capable of representing characters from virtually all written languages. It’s the preferred choice for modern websites.
Also known as Latin-1, this charset primarily covers Western European languages. While it’s less versatile than UTF-8, it’s still useful for specific projects.
This encoding is capable of representing a vast range of characters but uses 16-bit encoding, which can lead to larger file sizes compared to UTF-8.
Focusing on the Greek alphabet, this charset is essential for websites that cater to Greek-speaking audiences.
4. Shift JIS and EUC-JP:
These are specific to Japanese character sets and are essential for web content targeting Japanese audiences.
A charset in HTML stands for character set and specifies the character encoding used to interpret and display text on a web page.
Specifying an HTML charset is crucial to ensure that the browser can correctly render and display the text on a web page. It helps to avoid issues with character encoding and special characters.
The default charset for HTML is usually ISO-8859-1, also known as Latin-1, but it’s considered outdated. It’s better to use UTF-8 as the default charset for modern web pages
It is a good practice to include a charset declaration in every HTML document to ensure proper rendering and avoid character encoding issues. However, some older HTML documents may not include it, and browsers will use default encoding in such cases.