Strings in C++

In C++, strings are a sequence of characters that represent text.strings are represented using the std::string class, which is part of the Standard Template Library (STL). This class provides a flexible and efficient way to work with strings in C++. Unlike C-style strings (arrays of characters), std::string objects dynamically manage their memory, making them safer and more versatile.

In the below PDF we discuss about Strings in C++  in detail in simple language, Hope this will help in better understanding.

Here's a simple example of creating a string in C++:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

int main() {
std::string greeting = "Hello, World!";
std::cout << greeting << std::endl;
return 0;

In this example, we include the <string> header to use std::string, create a string variable named greeting, and assign it the value “Hello, World!”.

String Operations:

1.String Input and Output:
C++ provides convenient ways to input and output strings. You can use cin to read a string from the console and cout to display a string:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

int main() {
std::string name;
std::cout << "Enter your name: ";
std::cin >> name;
std::cout << "Hello, " << name << "!" << std::endl;
return 0;

2. String Concatenation:
You can concatenate two strings using the + operator or the append() method:

std::string first_name = "John";
std::string last_name = "Doe";
std::string full_name = first_name + " " + last_name;
// or
std::string full_name = first_name.append(" ").append(last_name);

3.String Length:
To find the length (number of characters) of a string, you can use the length() or size() member functions:


std::string text = "Hello, C++!";
int length = text.length(); // or text.size();

Related Question

A string in C++ is a sequence of characters enclosed in double quotation marks (” “) or represented as an object of the std::string class.

You can declare a string variable in C++ using either char arrays or the std::string class.

You can initialize a string in C++ by assigning it a value within double quotation marks (” “) or using the assignment operator (=) with another string.



Storage Classes in C++ In

Preprocessors in C++ A preprocessor

Standard Template Library in C++

Exception Handling in C++ Exception

Destructors in C++ A destructor

Constructors in C++ A constructor

Inheritance in C++ Inheritance is

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